View Full Version : Intra-articular hyaluronic acid for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee

03-10-2010, 01:46 AM
Twenty-two trials that reported usable quantitative information on any of the predefined end points were identified and included in the systematic review. Even though pain at rest may be improved by hyaluronic acid, the data available from these studies did not allow an appropriate assessment of this end point. Patients who received the intervention experienced a reduction in pain during movement: the mean difference on a 100-mm visual analogue scale was 3.8 mm (95% confidence interval [CI] 9.1 to 1.4 mm) after 26 weeks, 4.3 mm (95% CI 7.6 to 0.9 mm) after 1014 weeks and 7.1 mm (95% CI 11.8 to 2.4 mm) after 2230 weeks. However, this effect was not compatible with a clinically meaningful difference (expected to be about 15 mm on the visual analogue scale).
Furthermore, the effect was exaggerated by trials not reporting an intention-to-treat analysis. No improvement in knee function was observed at any time point. Even so, the effect of hyaluronic acid on knee function was more favourable when allocation was not concealed. Adverse events occurred slightly more often among patients who received the intervention (relative risk 1.08, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.15). Only 4 trials explicitly reported allocation concealment, had blinded outcome assessment and presented intention-to-treat data.More hyaluronic acid (http://www.the-hyaluronic-acid.com/) information.